The ten-point agreement adopts Turkey`s position in favour of a “safe zone” along the Turkey-Syria border; provides for a role to force the Russian army with joint patrols in the region; and transfers the Syrian army for the security of the surrounding area. But perhaps the most important issue is the fighting-tested Kurds, who, after nearly two weeks of fierce fighting, still have to be uprooted from the border towns besieged by Erdogan`s army and his mercenaries. Erdgoan`s eyes are on the crucial area of Manbij, where, according to the Kurdish agreements in Damascus, there has been a new infusion of Syrian troops that strengthen the defence of the city. As a result, the “safe zone” is likely to remain in conflict for some time, which could damage Russia`s relations with the Kurds, the Syrian government and Iran, if Putin`s warplanes and helicopters begin to punish the Syrian Kurds as the cost of their new “win-win” partnership with Ankara. On the other hand, if the focus is on the implementation of the Adana Agreement, in which Ankara takes place directly with Damascus and in good faith pursues the Astana process with Russia and Iran, there is a good chance that the Sochi agreement can have long-term revenue values. In other words, in the days and weeks ahead, much will depend on the effective implementation of the paper agreement. From the point of view of Tehran and Damascus, the agreement has the potential profound error of giving legitimacy to the area of Operation Peace Spring, which is down, not least because Ankara has not yet defended the cause and has instead tried to maximize the use of its deputies, with limited success so far. The Sochi Agreement (also known as the Dagomys Agreement (Russian:) was a ceasefire agreement, which would have marked the end of the Georgian and Georgian-Abkhaz conflicts signed in Sochi on 24 June. 1992 between Georgia and Russia, the ceasefire with Abkhazia on 27 July 1993. , allowed a moratorium on the use of force, the withdrawal of the warring parties from the war zone within a fortnight, the creation of a Russian-Georgian-Abkhaz control group to monitor the ceasefire, the return of the Abkhaz parliament to Sukhumi, the installation of UN observers in the territory and the resumption of dispute settlement talks. In August of the same year, UNMOT was deployed as a United Nations monitoring force. The ceasefire was violated on 27 September when Abkhazian troops conquered Sukhumi and proclaimed victory.

Pro-Georgian forces then withdrew to Tbilisi when Georgia joined the CIS and changed Russia`s attitude towards Georgia on this issue. Turkey, which is trying to comply with the Sochi agreement with Russia on Idlib in Syria, is calling on all parties to the conflict to keep their word and work for stability, Turkey`s communications director said on Twitter on Saturday. A big question, of course, is how long Turkey will remain on Syrian territory, given Erdogan`s stated intention to transfer about 1.5 million refugees from their current camps inside Turkey. The “safe zone” can also become a “safe haven” for anti-Assad forces, who are currently acting as Erdogan`s facilitators in Operation Spring Peace and advancing their own agenda, in contradiction with some of Erdogan`s commitments under the Sochi agreement.